Florida Forestry Information
Cyrillaceae
The Cyrilla Family
 
The cyrilla family is a small family of plants which includes 3 genera and 6 species of trees and shrubs 2 genera are widely distributed along the South Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains. 

 Click on the links below for an introduction to a tree of this family:
 
Swamp titi
 
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Cyrilla racemiflora 
swamp titi 
 
Habit 

The swamp titi is a small, graceful tree, reaching 25-35 feet in height and 8-16 inches in diameter.  It divides a short distance from the ground into several arching limbs, resulting in a spreading, round-topped crown. 
 
Leaves 

Leaves are simple, opposite, and deciduous.  The leaves are often clustered near the tips of the twigs.  The leaves are 2-3 inches long, 1/2-1 inch wide, and are elliptical in shape, with a rounded or slightly notched apex.  The leaf base is wedge-shaped.  Leaf margins are entire.  The leaf surfaces are dark green on top, paler.  Leaf petioles are moderately stout, 1/8-3/4 inch long. 
 
Flowers 
 
The flowers are perfect, fragrant, and occur on erect stalks that are 4-6 inches long. 
 
Fruit 
 
Fruit is a small conical, 2-celled, 2-seeded, dry, light brown capsule, 1/8 inch long. 
 
Twigs 

The twigs are slender, smooth, shiny, brown, and 3-sided.  The pith is  homogeneous. 
 
Bark 

The bark is thin, reddish-brown, shiny, and is divided at the surface into thin, shreddy scales.  It is ridged at the base of the bole. 
 
Habitat 

The swamp titi often forms impenetrable thickets along margins of swamps and in rich river bottoms.  In the Gulf states, it is found on exposed, sandy ridges.  It grows on the Atlantic coastal plain from southern Virginia to north Florida, west through the Gulf states to the Neches River Valley of Texas. 
 
Use 

This tree has no known commercial value. 
 

Click on the link below to see more information on and/or images of this tree (use the "Back" function to return here):
 
Query the USDA Plant Database
 
 
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