Agroforestry is the deliberate combination of trees and/or shrubs with crops and/or animals. The benefits of agroforestry practices are both economic and environmental:
- the total output per unit area of tree/crop/livestock combinations is greater than any single component alone,
- crops and livestock protected from wind are more productive, and
- new products add to the financial diversity and flexibility of the farming enterprise.
Agroforestry helps to conserve and protect natural resources by minimizing non-point source pollution, controlling soil erosion, and creating wildlife habitat. The benefits of agroforestry add up to a substantial improvement of the economic and resource sustainability of agriculture.
Specific agroforestry practices include:
- alley cropping
- riparian buffer strips
- forest farming
- Return to Other Forest Values