riparian buffer, photo by USDAAgroforestry is the deliberate combination of trees and/or shrubs with crops and/or animals. The benefits of agroforestry practices are both economic and environmental:

  1. the total output per unit area of tree/crop/livestock combinations is greater than any single component alone, 
  2. crops and livestock protected from wind are more productive, and 
  3. new products add to the financial diversity and flexibility of the farming enterprise. 

Agroforestry helps to conserve and protect natural resources by minimizing non-point source pollution, controlling soil erosion, and creating wildlife habitat.  The benefits of agroforestry add up to a substantial improvement of the economic and resource sustainability of agriculture.

silvopasture, photo by IFAS, Department of Animal ScienceSpecific agroforestry practices include:

  • alley cropping 
  • windbreaks
  • riparian buffer strips
  • silvopasture
  • forest farming

Additional Resources

UF/IFAS Extension Publications on Agroforestry

USDA National Agroforestry Center