Common Trees in Florida Hardwood Forests

Conifers

Scientific Name Common Name Forest Type
RS SS HH MH XH TH
Taxodium distichum bald cypress RS          
Taxodium ascendens pond cypress RS          
Pinus echinata shortleaf pine         XH  
Pinus glabra spruce pine       MH XH  
Pinus palustris longleaf pine         XH  
Pinus taeda loblolly pine         XH  

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Palms

Scientific Name Common Name Forest Type
RS SS HH MH XH TH
Sabal palmetto cabbage palm       MH XH  

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Hardwoods

Scientific Name Common Name Forest Type
RS SS HH MH XH TH
Acer rubrum red maple RS SS HH MH    
Alnus serrulata hazel alder RS          
Amyris elemifera torchwood           TH
Annona glabra pondapple   SS        
Betula nigra river birch RS          
Bumelia salififolia willow bustic           TH
Bursera simaruba gumbo limbo           TH
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam RS SS HH MH    
Carya aquatica water hickory RS          
C. cordiformis bitternut hickory       MH    
C. floridana scrub hickory         XH  
C. glabra pignut hickory RS     MH    
C. pallida sand hickory         XH  
C. tomentosa mockernut hickory       MH    
Celtis laevigata sugarberry RS   HH MH    
Chionanthus virginicus fringe-tree         XH  
Citrus arantium sour orange       MH    
Coccoloba diversifolia pigeon plum           TH
Cornus foemina stiff cornel     HH      
C. florida flowering dogwood       MH XH  
Diospyros virginiana common persimmon     HH      
Fagus grandifolia American beech       MH    
Fraxinus caroliniana water ash     HH      
F. pennsylvanica green ash RS          
F. profunda pumpkin ash RS          
Gleditsia aquatica water locust RS          
Gordonia lasianthus loblolly bay RS SS HH      
Ilex opaca American holly       MH XH  
I. vomitoria yaupon         XH  
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red-cedar         XH  
Krugiodendron ferreum black ironwood           TH
Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum RS SS HH MH XH  
Lyonia ferruginea stagger-bush         XH  
Lysiloma latisiliqua wild tamarind           TH
Magnolia grandiflora southern magnolia RS     MH    
M. virginiana sweet bay RS SS HH      
Melaleuca quinquenervia melaleuca   SS        
Metopium toxiferum poisonwood           TH
Myrica cerifera wax myrtle       MH    
Nectandra coriacea lancewood           TH
Nyssa aquatica water tupelo RS          
N. ogeche Ogeechee lime RS          
N. sylvatica black gum, swamp tupelo RS SS   MH    
Osmanthus americana wild olive       MH XH  
Ostrya virginiana Eastern hophornbeam       MH XH  
Persea borbonia red bay       MH XH TH
P. palustris swamp bay   SS HH      
Planera aquatica planer tree RS          
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore RS   HH      
Prunus angustifolia chickasaw plum         XH  
P. caroliniana Carolina laural cherry       MH    
P. serotina black cherry       MH XH  
Psidium guajava guava   SS        
Quercus alba white oak         XH  
Q. austrina (durandii) bluff oak       MH    
Q. flacata Southern red oak         XH  
Q. falcata var. pagodafolia cherry bark oak RS          
Q. laurifolia laurel oak       MM XH  
Q. incana bluejack oak         XH  
Q. laurifolia swamp laurel oak RS SS HH      
Q. lyrata overcup oak RS          
Q. michauxii swamp chestnut oak RS   HH MH    
Q. nigra water oak RS SS HH MH XH  
Q. shumardii shumard oak     HH MH    
Q. stellata var. margaretta sand post oak         XH  
Q, virginiana live oak RS SS HH MH XH TH
Q. virginiana var. geminata sand live oak       MH XH  
Salix caroliniana carolina willow RS SS        
S. nigra black willow RS          
Tilia americana American basswood       MH    
Ulmus americana American elm RS   HH      
U. floridana Florida elm       MH    
Vaccinium arboreum tree sparkleberry         XH  
V. stamineum deerberry         XH  

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Key

  • RS = River Swamp
  • SS = Stillwater Swamp
  • HH = Hydric Hammock
  • MH = Mesic Hammock
  • XH = Xeric Hammock
  • TH = Tropical Hammock

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